There are three types of conventional cancer treatments, surgery, radiation and medical treatments. These treatments must be most often associated because they are complementary. They must be combined as part of a programmed strategy.
Such programming is most often established by the oncologist or medical oncologist, which justifies the need to consult as soon as possible from the diagnosis established. For the breast cancer treatment in India this is the best deal now.
You must ask for a clear explanation of the treatment program that is being offered to you in order to better understand. Do not hesitate to ask your pharmacist for more information about prescribed medications. He will advise you at best.
The surgery aims to remove the tumor. Generally, to remove the tumor under satisfactory conditions, it is necessary to remove the entire affected organ. The interventions performed depend on the affected organ: mastectomy for the breast, lobectomy pneumonectomy for the lung, colectomy for the large intestine, nephrectomy for the kidney, hysterectomy for the uterus, etc.
In very rare cases, when the tumor is small and well circumscribed, it is possible to remove it (this is a lumpectomy) and thus preserve the organ that is affected. This is particularly true for very small breast cancers. But in this case, it will necessarily be necessary to complete the lumpectomy with postoperative radiotherapy.
- Radiotherapy aims to destroy the tumor with rays.
- There are different modalities of radiotherapy.
Teleradiotherapy consists of remote irradiation of the tumor. Most often, high energy (photons or electrons) is used by using a cobalt “cobalt bomb” or a particle accelerator. High energies aim to properly irradiate deep tumors, while lower energies (low energies) aim to irradiate superficial tumors, especially when they reach the skin or sit beneath it. In this case, the use of electrons (electron therapy) allows achieving this.
The Standard Setting
Generally speaking, in a standard standard setting, teleradiotherapy is administered at the rate of one session per day, 5 days a week (weekends are excluded), for a total of 5 weeks. But there are longer or shorter protocols, the choice between these different modalities depending on the clinical situation considered, that is to say essentially the type of tumor, its seat and its volume. In general, the provision of radiotherapy sessions does not require hospitalization, as the patient goes to the hospital or clinic every day.
Curative therapy is a second form of irradiation that takes place in direct contact with the tumor. In most cases, Irridium threads are introduced into the tumor or tumor bed after the tumor has been surgically removed. The curitherapy is therefore a real surgical act after which the patient is isolated in a room protected by a lead screed, to avoid any external contact. Any curitherapy therefore requires a short hospitalization of the order of 5 days. The curitherapy is only used in a few cases: cancer of the cervix, certain cancers of the body of the uterus, certain breast cancers, certain other cancers.